Universally, when we hear the name of obesity, the first impression that strikes our mind is excessive body fats. Human body is prepared up of fat, water, protein, carbohydrate and a range of minerals and vitamins. If you have excessive fat, especially in your waist area, you’re at higher risk for health problems. This includes high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and heart disease. Obesity is classified as a BMI of 30.0 or greater, or about 30 pounds or more overweight. Intense obesity is mentioned as a BMI of 40 or above.
Heart Disease and obesity:
Obesity is now well-known as a chief risk feature for coronary heart disease, which can lead to cardiac arrest.
- It elevates blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
- It drops HDL ( a good cholesterol). HDL cholesterol is linked with lower heart disease and stroke risk, so reducing it tends to raise the risk.
- It also promotes blood pressure levels.
- It may encourage diabetes also. In some people, diabetes makes these other risk factors much worse. The danger of heart attack is especially high for these people.
Weight management info:
Weight loss perk up cardiovascular health is a high priority of the American Heart Association because roughly 34% of the population is overweight. There is a great deal of public, commercial, and medical interest in promoting long-term weight loss programs.
Diet and Nutrition:
The nutritional suggestions for each patient’s treatment should include a good personal food plan that takes into account current eating routines, lifestyle, culture, energy requirements, any diet prescription related to medical treatment, and potential nutrient drug interactions.
- Do not take more than 5 to 7 teaspoons of fats and oils per day, including fats used in cooking, salad dressings and spreads.
- 6 ounces or less of lean meat, fish, or skinless poultry.
- Not more than 3-4 egg yolks per week
- 2 to 4 servings of non-fatty or low-fat milk and dairy products per day.
- 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day
- Six or more servings of breads, cereals, rice, pasta, other grains, and starchy vegetables per day.
Exercise And Work Out:
Exercise should be deemed one of the chief preference of a weight management plan. The weight management plan should include an exercise component that is safe and appropriate for each patient. Before exercise recommendations are made, each person should be monitored for conditions in which exercise could be contraindicated.